The word oasis is often used to describe a place where you can forget the cares of everyday life, relax rest and renew yourself.
Egypt’s oases are just that: unspoilt refuges from the modern world, pockets of civilization in the dramatic setting of the desert. Surrounded by sand and sky, the oases have a sense of timelessness rare in the 20th century. Man and nature have co-existed here since the Stone Age, but the stars, the rock formations and the dunes defy the calculation of human calendars.
Egypt’s oases are still the most varied in the world, each with a distinguished character of its own.
Wherever you stay, enjoy the tranquility of the Bedouin lifestyle, the date groves and pigeon towers.
For adventure and excitement, explore the majesty of the desert by camel or jeep safari; spend a night under the stars. Take a morning dip in the hot sculpture springs, the water and silt which have numerous curative properties.
Fayoum has been a traditional hunting ground since pharaonic times when Crocodilopolis, center of the cult of Sobek, was the capital of the region. There are many pharaonic sites in the area, for example: Senusert II at Al-Lahon, the pyramid of Amenemhat III at Hawara, and the remains of the ancient city of Karanis, where you can camp and visit the site museum, in addition to safari trips.
Wadi Al Rayan
Lake Qaroun: a protected area, 20 km from Fayoum where water sports,fishing and bird watching are available. It is bordered by tourist villages, hotels and fishing centers.
Other places of outstanding natural beauty near Fayoum are the mineral springs at Ain Al-Sillin, Ain El-Shaer 75km from Fayoum which is also suitable for swimming and picnics, known for its diversity of nature and serene beauty, waterfalls, springs, wild animals and birds.
Located 365 km south west of Giza and 200 km from Farafra Oases. The Oases are famous for their palm trees, olives, apricots, rice and corn. Intertwined trees provide attractive scenery with contrast to massive sand dunes. The region is rich in wildlife of migrant birds and deer. Bawiti is the capital of Baharia oases that occupies a hillside.The oases are famous for their 398 mineral and sulphur springs. The most famous are Bir Hakima,Bir Halfa,Bir Al Matar and Bir El Ghaba. The old Roman springs flow through cracked stones. Ein El Bishmo springs are unique because both hot and cold water flow from separate sources then blend in a rocky creek, in addition to AlQasaa wells.Baharia oases archaeological sites date back to Pharaonic periods.
“Zis Zis” was the original name of the region. Most of the antiquities belong to the 26th dynasty”Saite period”. A major archaeological site El Qasrhouses Ein El Mifatala, Qarat Helwa and Al Tibniya area that includes Alexander the great temple.
El Maron, El Dist and El Maghrafa antiquities are located next to a limestone temple in ElQasr area.El Bawiti houses, the largest Ptolemaic necropolis dedicated to Ibes bird. Its historic tombs are located in the complex of (Youssef Selim, ElSheikh Soby and AlFarouj)
El Heez area is famous for its ancient churches, palaces and Roman tombs.Binantiew tomb dates back to 26th dynasty and represents unique pharaonic painting “Valley of The Golden Mummies” has been recently discovered in a Roman necropolis,6 km from Bawiti.
We can arrange safari trips to the oases while enjoying Bedouin folklore in the evenings.Baharia oases are connected with Siwa and Farafra oases through a motorway.
The New Valley Oasis
The New Valley lies in Egypt’s west desert,625 km from Cairo. It includes three main Oases: Alkharga (the capital), Al Dakhla and Al-Farafra. The history of the New Valley goes back to 5000 B.C. It combines desert, lush vegetation, wells and therap springs (cold and hot up to 49 c). Its dryness that makes it a reputable, healthy winter resort. In the desert of New Valley there is room for Safari and desert adventure that offers options for sightseeing.
The thermal springs of Bulaq and Nasser to the south, are famous for water temperatures up to 43 C and reputed to be suitable for the treatment of rheumatism and allergies.
Hibis Temple: Camping facilities are available. Further south is Baris Oases, the second largest settlement in Al Kharga. It houses Roman Temple Of Dush, dedicated to Isis and Serapis.
Runs from different periods, it is located 200 km west of Kharga.Dominated on its northern horizon by a wall of rose-colored rock. Fertile cultivated areas are dotted between sand dunes along the roads from Farafra and Kharga in this area of outstanding nature beauty. The capital, Mut, its name is attributed to Mut the consort of god Amon. It is an ancient city that dates back to paranonic period. It houses the Museum of Heritage, a traditional house.Rooms, with sculpted clay figures, are arranged to show different aspects of Al Dakhla culture and family life.
Islamic Village of Al-Qasr, about 35km from Mut, houses ruins of an Ayubid mosque. The pharaonic Balat tombs date from the 6th dynasty and Qalamon village dates back to the Turkish era. On the way back to Mut, located Bir Al Gabal,a palm-fringed salt lake where you can camp and picnic.
Deir Al-Hagar Temple
Other day-trips from Mut could include the 1st century Al-Mozawaka tombs and Deir Al-Hagar,a temple which was originally dedicated to the Theban Triad.After exploring the temple,bathe in the hot sulphur spring nearby. Visit Bashendi to see Roman tombs and a factory where carpets are still woven with scenes of Al dakhala life.Nearby lies the Islamic Balaat village, a trading post with ancient Nubia. The oasis abounds in springs and wells of which the most famous are those of Mut 3. Their temperature reaches 43C and you can stay in equipped chalets.Ain Al-Qasr spring are located about 12 km in the mountain so that you can camp,enjoy one-day trip and safari.
Located between Baharia and Dakhla oases,320 km north west of Dakhla.Known as Ta-iht or the Land Of The Cow in pharaonic times,is an isolated village,of which the oldest part lies on a hillside,next to peaceful palm groves; a short ride away,there are hot sulphur springs at Bir Setta and El-Mufid Lake where you can swim.The oases houses Qasr Al-Farafra and Qasr Abu Minqar which are ruins of Roman buildings.An art center that houses a museum and studio exhibiting paintings and ceramics of a local artist is sitated in a garden full of sculptures made of materials available in the desert.Beautful hand-knitted camel-hair sweaters,socks and scarves are also local products.Day-trips by jeep and camel treks from here to the White Desert,Bahariya,Dakhla and Siwa can be arranged.
The White Desert
A trip to the White Desert is something that no visitor to the New Valley should miss. Travellers coming From Bahariya will cross through the Black Desert,passing the tiny oases of El Heez on the way.Nearby,there are some Roman ruins,including a church with coptic graffiti.Bahariya and Farafra are separated by huge golden sand dunes which make a stunning photograph during the journey.Once you enter the White Desert through Al-Sillim passage,you meet a unique landscape of surrreal wind-eroded rock formations which is particulary fascinating at sunrise or sunset.Camel and jeep trips,including a hot meal and fresh bread,made in the sand Bedouin style,can be arranged from Farafra.
Siwa is one of the most fascinating oases on the edge of the Graet sand Sea.its rich history includes that visit of Alexander the Great to Amun prphecy Temple in order to predict the prophecy of Amun in 331 BC. Siwans have their own culture and custms,and they speak a Berber language,Siwi,rather than Arabic.many women still wear traditional costums and silver jewellery like those displayed in the Traditional Siwan House Museum at the town center.Siwa remains one of the best places to buy jewellery,rugs,baskets,traditional robes and head-dresses,decorated with antique coins.
Theoriginal settlement,Aghurmi,was superseded by Shali,founded in 1203.Set among thick palm groves,walled gardens and olive orchards,with numerous fresh-water springs and salt lakes,modern Siwa was established over the ruins of ancient Shali.Climb through the ruins of the old city for magnificent views of the whole oases.Walk,rent a bicycle or ride in a caretta(donkey cart) to outlying sights and places where you can relax.
These include 26th Dynasty tombs with murals and inscriptions at Jebel Al-Mawta(The Hill of the Dead) and the temple of Amun, an acropolis temple dating from around 550BC .Near the Oracle is the ruined temple of Amun and the famous Cleopatra Bath,a deep pool of bubbling water where you can bathe.Another favourite bathing spot is fatnis Island,on the salt lake of Birket Siwa,surrounded by palm trees and beautiful scenery.