12 Days / 11 Nights Western Safari Desert

From Cairo airport to your hotel in Cairo, over night at the hotel,

Breakfast and check out to visit the great Pyramides and the sphinx and then go to Baharia Oasis in our 4 Wheel drive (With the magical healing hot spring)

Visit the "English House" to watch the sunset over the desert.
 The English house which was a lookout post during World Was I is today in ruins, but it's location on "the Black Mountain" give a unique panorama view over the northern part of the Baharia Oasis.
 Tours visits around Baharia Oasis:
·         The tomb of ZedAmonEfAnkh
·         The tomb of his son Bannentiu
·         The Crystal Mountain and the Black Desert
·         The ancient Roman spring Ain Bishmu.
·         Alexandre the great temple
From Baharia to White desert near Farafra Oasis.
Sleep the night in the desert.
The early morning is for visits around Baharia Oasis. There are several ancient temples in the oasis; the most famous is the one that has the cartouche (Pharaonic name presentation) of Alexander the Great. Unfortunately the combination of wind, location and time has eroded these temples and there is today not much left to see.

We are going to visit the museum with some of the amazing "Gold Mummies" found here just recently. Further two ancient Egyptian tombs, first the tomb of ZedAmonEfAnkh and then the tomb of his son Bannentiu. Before starting our journey deeper into the desert, we will visit the ancient Roman spring Ain Bishmu and see how the ancient irrigation system could provide enough water for the farming land.

Back to your four-wheel car, the journey goes south - but we can't leave Baharia before visiting the Crystal Mountain and the Black Desert with its many black topped mountains. Please remember when coming to places as the Crystal Mountain: "Take nothing with you, leave nothing behind".

Out of the Baharia depression and down the escarpment to Farafra Oasis, one will soon start to see smaller white chalk cliffs - a forewarning of the adventure ahead. The white cliffs "grows" going south - and suddenly you are in the White Desert. If any destination can be called "magic ", then it's the White Desert.
The Governorate of Wadi Gedid work today together with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment on protecting the White Desert through making it a National Natural Preserved area.

Before the magic night under the stars, in this one of the greatest treasures of our planet - we will visit the "El Bahr" Cave with wall paintings from prehistoric man. The name "El Bahr" come from the word "sea" as one here find remains from the ocean once covering this area. Ostrich eggs and other fossils have also been found here.

·                    Morning dive in the hot spring of Bir Sitta.
·                    Take a tour in Farafra Oasis.
·                    The old Islamic town of Qasr Dakhla. 
·                    Museum in Mut.
White desert -- Farafra oasis -- Dakhla oasis
 Dakhla oasis  
 After a magical, but often cold night in the White Desert, a morning dive in the hot spring of Bir Sitta is a most welcome start of the day.
Farafra, or the "Land of the Cow" as it was named in Ancient Egyptian times, was up to recently the most remote human settlement in the desert. So remote that it was not long time ago when a representative of the Oasis had to take his camel and ride to Dakhla Oasis to find out what day they should perform their Friday prayers, as the inhabitants had totally lost track of the days.
Today the inhabitants are "mixed", as farmers have immigrated from the Delta and the Nile Valley. We will see the old city as part of the new agricultural areas of Farafra during our visit.
From Farafra we drive south towards Dakhla Oasis. In this huge green farming oasis we will visit:

The old Islamic town of Qasr Dakhla in it's desert-medieval style, built on top of a city from Roman times. Mut, the center of Dakhla is still using its Ancient Egyptian name after the goddess of Waset (Luxor), and here we will visit the remains of the old city Qasr Mut.

The small but important Ethnographic Museum in Mut give aunique glimpse inside the traditional culture of the oasis. Plan of a traditional house, locally produced items as dresses, jewelry, rugs and more. The village scenes with clay figures by the local artist Mabrouk are our wide screen in to this culture. The local culture itself has its wide screen "out of" the culture in the next house, as that's the local cinema. Further visits will take you to the "Temple of the Rock" and the Colored Mountain.
·                    The unique "upside down" mastabas.
·                    Museum where artifacts from the whole of Wadi Gedid's Ancient Egyptian.
·                    The Amon temple in Hibis.
 Dakhla--Kharga Accommodation Kharga Oasis Hotel  
 After breakfast we will visit the unique "upside down" mastabas (burial monuments from the Ancient Egyptian Old Kingdom) found close to Balat. Important monuments, as the governors of Dakhla buried here show the importance of the Oasis already in times the Pyramids where built in the Nile Valley - some four thousand years ago.
Then it's time to say goodbye to the beautiful Oasis of Dakhla, and start our drive towards the last oasis for our desert journey. This is the Kharga Oasis, the center for the Governorate of Wadi Gedid - a Governorate responsible for 40 percent of Egypt's land area.
KhargaVisits in Kharga will of course have to include the Museum where artifacts from the whole of Wadi Gedid's Ancient Egyptian, Christian and Islamic periods are exhibited. The Amon temple in Hibis is one of the only two temples known built during Persian rule of Egypt (26th Dynasty). The inscriptions on the later built Roman gate give very important understanding about Roman imperial rule in Egypt. After Christianity came to Egypt with St. Mark the Evangelist, the Christian community was in periods under hard prosecutions from Roman rule with thousand and thousand of martyrs. Many fled to the desert for protection. Kharga was one of these places and the result of this is that we in Bagawat got one of the oldest and best-preserved Christian cemeteries in the world.
Hibis temple
On top of a hill close to Hibis lies the Roman temple-fortress Nadura, a typical lookout as the English House visited in Baharia - apart from the fact that Nadura was built nearly two thousand years earlier.

·                    The old market area of Kharga.
·                    The village New Baris.
Kharga -- Dakhla in our 4x4 Wheel drive
Luxor City  
We cannot leave the center of Kharga Oasis before you got the opportunity to visit the old market area of Kharga. The market is mainly serving the local population, but as visitor you will first of all be able to see the real desert market. Then it will always be items as hand-woven baskets that are good items to have back from the journey, and your "souvenir" will be a small contribution to the local industry as well. Especially Dakhla and Kharga have many beautiful and locally produced crafts as the mentioned baskets (most made from palm leaves), mats, rugs, pottery, some jewelry (silver work basically), local dresses and the traditional hats made of palm leaves in Dakhla.

Before leaving the oasis depression we will drive south passing many villages also belonging to Kharga Oasis. Of newer history the village New Baris is of special importance, as it was here the word renowned architect Hassan Fathy tried to build a village for the oasis. Now close to deserted, it still has the mark of a grand idea and a beautiful architecture built on local traditions and in local material. The counterpart to New Baris is Hassan Fathy's New Gourna in Luxor.

Leaving the area where the prehistoric Nile was flowing, we are driving east towards the Nile and the famous Nile Valley - or should we rather say the "Nile Oasis"? Fact is that the thin valley is a long Oasis surrounded by waste deserts on both sides. The Western Desert (before named the "Libyan Desert") - which we have traveled, and in East the "Eastern Desert" (formerly the "Arabian Desert") which cover the area all the way to the Red Sea.

·                    Monuments from the times of Ancient Waset
 Luxor City
After a good breakfast we will visit some monuments from the times of Ancient Waset (or Theben which the Greek called Luxor later) some may have been here before, so we will customize our visits according to this and interest.

May this be the Valley of the Kings and Karnak or less known temples and monuments here? Important for all will be to visit some of the tombs of the Nobles showing the people, daily life and agriculture in this Nile Oasis town some thousand years ago.

There are tombs here with reference to the Oases, and depending on which tombs are open we will visit these.
 Nile cruise 4 nights start from Luxor to Aswan
 With visits Luxor, Karnak Temples
Edfu temple, Kom Ombo temple, High Dam of Aswan and the obelsic unfinished.

Sleeping Train back to Cairo over night on board half board (Dinner and Breakfast)
Arrive the seconed day to Cairo and transfer you to your hotel over night at hotel.

Breakfast and transfer you to Cairo Airport for the inernational flight back to home.

All meals, starting with dinner the first day and ending with farwell dinner the last full day (day 5)
All visits and entrance fees according to above program.
Own desert and archeological guide (most major languages).

Own four by four wheel drive air conditioned car with desert driver. Important: while nearly all safari tours in Egypt use cars where you sit on benches sideways, this safari expedition only use cars where you sit in the driver direction. Its long distances to cover, so we consider this essential comfort. Maximum 3 adult persons per car. With 4 persons there will be 2 cars, and so forth

All hotels see link to the desert hotels under day two, four and five. 

for the one night in open air (day 3), most prefer to bring own sleeping bag. If you need sleeping bag, please advice
4 nights cruise 5 stars. With visits as mentioned in the program. 4 nights Oasis of Egypt till arrive to Luxor. 2 nights Cairo 4 stars hotel. 1 night sleeping train.
Does not include
International flight.
Passport and visa fees
Alcoholic beverages or others not included in the meals
Phone calls, faxes, tipping and etc