It is situated25 Km fromLuxortrain station. This monumental complex lies at Al Dier Al Bahari, on the Western bank.
Who built it?
It was built byQueen Hatshepsut, daughter of Thutmosis I, who ruled Egypt about 17 years during the18th Dynasty(1490?1469 B.C).
She was considered one of the very few women who get the Pharaoh title; as it was represented as a man all the time.During her time Egypt enjoyed a very prosperous period on all levels, Concerning here death there isn't any proof confirming whether she was murdered by Tutmosis III her step son or not.
Why it was built?
It was built as a dedication to God Amon-Re, who was Hatshepsut's father in her legend.
The Temple of Hatshepsut is a rock-cut temple. It consists of three terraces. There is a leading ramp to ascent from one terrace to another. There are many scenes depicted her with God Amon-Re who was the chief god in the 18th dynasty.
These scenes represent the sacred birth, expedition to punt(Somalia) and offerings which were presented to various gods & goddess. Also there are many colossi belongs to her and god Amon-Ra standing in the second terrace.
Near the high dam are the temple s of kalabsha , kertassi and Beit el-Wali . this last , built during the reign of Ramses II is carved into the rock. Before it is a court whose walls are adorned with scenes from the war against the Ethiopians and the kushites . Some 140 kilomaters south , around Sebuak , are the temple of wadi elsebou devoted byRamses II to Amun and Re –Harakhty – Dakka and Maharraka , built during the Graeco-Roman period.
Towards the middle of the lake lies the Amada site , made up of two temples. The Temple of Amada and Temple of Derr. The remains of many painting are still conserved here .The temple was converted into a church by the Coptic Christians